|Born||Marjorie Lyman Henderson|
December 11, 1904
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
|Died||May 30, 1993 (aged 88)|
Elyria, Ohio, U.S.
Marjorie Henderson Buell (née Marjorie Lyman Henderson, December 11, 1904 – May 30, 1993) was an American cartoonist who worked under the pen name Marge. She was best known as the creator of Little Lulu.
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (March 2016)
Marjorie Lyman Henderson was born in 1904 in Philadelphia to Horace Lyman Henderson and Bertha Brown Henderson. She and her two sisters grew up on a farm outside Malvern. The three sisters drew comics for birthday cards and family events while they were growing up. At the age of 8 she began selling her work to friends. She attended and then graduated from Villa Maria Academy High School in 1921.
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (January 2022)
At 16, she sold her first cartoon to the Public Ledger. Her work appeared in humor magazines and other periodicals, including Collier's, Judge, Life. She also created illustrations for Country Gentleman and Ladies' Home Journal. By the late 1920s, she worked under the name "Marge" and had a syndicated comic strip, The Boy Friend, her first syndicated comic strip, which ran from 1925 through 1926. This and another strip of hers, Dashing Dot, both featuring female leads. Marge was friends with Oz author Ruth Plumly Thompson and illustrated her fantasy novel King Kojo (1933).
In 1934, The Saturday Evening Post requested Buell to create a strip to replace Carl Anderson's Henry. Buell created a little girl character in place of Henry's little boy as she believed "a girl could get away with more fresh stunts that in a boy would seem boorish". The first single-panel installment ran in the Post on February 23, 1935; in it, Lulu appears as a flower girl at a wedding and strews the aisle with banana peels. The single-panel strip continued in the Post until the December 30, 1944, issue, and continued from then as a regular comic strip. Buell retained the rights, unusual for the time. Buell marketed Little Lulu widely throughout the 1940s. Buell herself ceased drawing the strip in 1947, and in 1950 Little Lulu became a daily syndicated by Chicago Tribune–New York News Syndicate and ran until 1969. After she stopped drawing the strip, Buell herself only drew Lulu for the lucrative Kleenex advertisements.
Paramount Pictures approached Buell in 1943 with a proposal to develop a series of animated shorts. She traveled to New York to meet with Paramount executives and tour the animation facilities, and there was introduced to William C. Erskine, who became her business representative.
Thereafter, Little Lulu was widely merchandised, and was the first mascot for Kleenex tissues; from 1952 to 1965 the character appeared in an elaborate animated billboard in Times Square in New York City designed by Artkraft Strauss.
The character appeared in comic books, animated cartoons, greeting cards and more. Little Lulu comic books, popular internationally, were translated into Arabic, Dutch, Finnish, French, Japanese, Norwegian, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish and Greek. Buell stopped drawing Little Lulu in 1947, and the work was continued by others, while she kept creative control. Sketching and writing of the Little Lulu comic book series was taken on by John Stanley, who later drew Nancy and Sluggo. Buell sold her Little Lulu rights to Western Publishing when she retired in 1971.
On 30 January 1935, she married Clarence Addison Buell who had a career in the Bell Telephone Company. The two reached a compromise in their career ambitions, in that the husband agreed to turn down promotions that would result in relocation, and the wife would keep her creation enough in check that she would be available for her children. The couple had two sons: Larry, born in 1939; and Fred, born in 1942.
She shied from the spotlight, rarely giving interviews or allowing publication of photos of herself. She also shied away from politics, and resisted requests from her sons to include progressive elements such as a black playmate for Lulu or overtly feminist themes. Her son Larry stating in 2007 that "she didn't think of Lulu as a part of politics. She drew a line between entertainment and didacticism." 
After the sale of the Lulu copyrights in 1971, the Buell couple retired to Ohio, where their son Larry resided. Buell died on May 30, 1993, of lymphoma in Elyria, Ohio. Buell's son Larry is a professor of American Literature at Harvard, and her son Fred is a professor of English at Queens College.
The nonprofit organization Friends of Lulu (1994–2011) was named after Little Lulu — the organization, which was dedicated to promoting the readership of comic books by women and the participation of women in the comic book industry, chose its name based on the repeated trope of Little Lulu trying to break into the boys' clubhouse, where girls aren't allowed. In 2000, Marge was inducted into Friends of Lulu's Women Cartoonists Hall of Fame.
In July 2006, Buell's family donated the "Marge Papers" to the Schlesinger Library at Harvard University. The papers include a collection of fan mail, comic books, scrapbooks of high points in Lulu's history and a complete set of the newspaper cartoons.
In 2005, Heritage Auctions sold the original art to the first Little Lulu panel for $9,200. In recent years, Buell's original art from Little Lulu panels regularly bring between $2,000-$3,000 at auction.
- Harvey, Robert C. (2002). "Buell, Marjorie Henderson (1904-1993), cartoonist | American National Biography". www.anb.org. doi:10.1093/anb/9780198606697.article.1701668. ISBN 978-0-19-860669-7. Retrieved March 26, 2019.
- "Pennsylvania Center for the Book". pabook.libraries.psu.edu. Retrieved March 26, 2019.
- Gewertz 2006.
- Reynolds 2003, p. 95.
- Robbins 2013, p. 452.
- Robbins 2013, p. 453.
- Gotwals 2010.
- Robbins 2013, p. 455.
- Sagalyn 2001, p. 335. sfn error: no target: CITEREFSagalyn2001 (help)
- Collins, Glenn (June 3, 1993). "Marjorie Buell, 88, Pioneer Cartoonist Of 'Little Lulu' Strip". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved March 8, 2019.
- Cuda, Amanda (August 5, 2003). "Women's Wit: Holy comics, Batman, it's women cartoonists!". Connecticut Post.
- "Lulu Award". Comic Book Awards Almanac. Archived from the original on January 26, 2013.
- "Marge Buell - The First Little Lulu Panel Page Original Art, dated 2-23-35 (Saturday Evening Post, 1935)", Heritage Auctions
- Collins, Glenn (June 3, 1993). "Marjorie Buell, 88, Pioneer Cartoonist Of 'Little Lulu' Strip". New York Times.
- Gewertz, Ken (November 2, 2006). "Little Lulu comes to Harvard". Harvard Gazette. Archived from the original on February 23, 2007.
- Gotwals, Jennifer (2010). "Marge and Lulu: The Art of the Deal". Hogan's Alley. Archived from the original on May 1, 2013. Retrieved December 29, 2014.
- Reynolds, Moira Davison (2003). "Marjorie Henderson Buell". Comic Strip Artists in American Newspapers, 1945–1980. McFarland. pp. 95–96. ISBN 978-0-7864-8150-7.
- Robbins, Trina (2013). "Little Lulu". In Duncan, Randy; Smith, Matthew J. (eds.). Icons of the American Comic Book: From Captain America to Wonder Woman. ABC-CLIO. pp. 452–457. ISBN 978-0-313-39923-7.
- Taylhardat, Karim (2007). La Pequeña Lulu/The Little Lulu & M. Henderson. Madrid, Spain: Ediciones Sinsentido.